Java is mostly every developer’s favourite object-oriented language for many reasons. The reasons can be it is comparatively simpler to code, or because it is robustly reliable and secure. Let us not limit our thoughts. facilitates numerous simplified coding options with reusable codes and writes once and runs anywhere features. Java Frameworks are one more reason why businesses are inclined towards Java Development. One of the many reasons for opting for Java is that it offers a plethora of  other Java frameworks such as MyBatis a Persistence framework, play framework.

In this blog post, we have decided to put light on some of the most popular Java frameworks of 2021. While there are more frameworks than these ten, the ones presented and studied stand out from the list. Some of the criteria considered for qualifying include features and convenience of use.

1. What are Java Framework and JVM Java Virtual Machine?

The answer to what is Java Framework is that they are frameworks with pre-written code sets that help developers to add their own set of codes to build personalized answers to issues.Java frameworks that can help you perform all the iterations using suitable framework options.

Java is the Developer's favorite programming language.

You know, it is entirely a question of personal taste as to how one would choose one framework over the others. The majority of the time, this will be determined by how much output can each Java framework offer as you begin new projects. The visual component is also massively important. What kind of User Interface I can you create using Java frameworks? Depending on the option you select, the framework’s features may make creating a website either simple or practically hard.

Also, speaking about JVM-Java Virtual Machine, as per definition from Wikipedia- A Java virtual machine is a software environment that allows a computer to run Java applications as well as applications written in other languages and compiled to Java bytecode. A specification that officially outlines what is necessary for a JVM implementation is used to describe the JVM. The list of companies with an understanding of Java is endless. Hire companies like TatvaSoft with a knack for the Java development process and skillset to implement it practically for all complex java based web applications with the great user interface.

So now, let’s not waste much time and directly jump into top Java frameworks and see what are the similarities and differences between each.

2. Top Java Frameworks:

2.1 Spring


One of the leading names in Java frameworks is Spring. These renowned and most popular Java frameworks comes with some common requirements fulfilling all the basic necessities of app development. There are numerous reasons for businesses to make “Spring” their ideal choice for app development.

Spring java framework is a popular Java EE framework that is both strong and lightweight. Spring makes Java easy, contemporary, productive, reactive, and cloud-ready, according to the developers. Its dependency injection and aspect-oriented programming capabilities are well-known. In truth, it is a collection of frameworks that enable you to do jobs of any complexity, from database work to testing.

The active community of java developers can choose from the two options available for them in the Spring framework. they can either choose Spring MVC or choose Spring boot as their suitable Java framework. One of the strongest aid of using Spring is you never lose control over your framework because of the IOC- inversion of control feature of this Java framework.

2.2 Hibernate


Another important name in the list of Java application frameworks is Hibernate. Most developers are specifically inclined towards choosing Hibernate is because of its stability and communication.

Hibernate framework is a reliable object-relational mapping framework that allows the Java programming language to communicate more effectively with relational database management systems. Hibernate is a framework that helps you overcome Java’s mismatch difficulties. It aims for persistence, which means that the data created/used by the application should outlast the process that produced it.

Generally, when you use object-oriented languages, it happens that the relation of the object is non-matching. Say for instance one is object-oriented and another one is database related so the functional procedure for both of them is different. This can often lead to problems. The developed platform needs to be subtle and in-stream with other OO languages and Hibernate offers your business the ability to manage multiple mismatch problems in a go.

Going back to the initialization,  Hibernate was originally designed to function with databases  and maps Java objects to database tables. But it has evolved with time and its recent versions can now handle NoSQL datastores as well. They also encompass powerful development tools such as a mapping editor, a Hibernate console, and a database reverse engineering tool.

2.3 Blade

The third one in the list of popular Java frameworks is Blade which is lightweight and blazing fast for creating unique user interfaces and developing web applications. Web developers will find all their tasks during the creation of the Maven project sections. Without adding multiple dependencies or an external server, you can easily start your project. once you initialize the project, you are good to go. The function of Blade Java Framework is similar to React Native framework, which is in fact simpler and resilient.

When you use the Blade framework, you can work faster without getting dependent on existing backend java code. Its web application server is quite handy that keeps the web development interface engaging and environment light. The most dominating aspect of this framework is MVC.

2.4 Struts


Another solid open-source java application framework  is the Struts java framework for web applications is Apache Struts. It is backed up by the Apache Software Foundation (ASF). This is one of those frameworks that use JSP API extension and follows the component-based MVC  framework (Model-View-Controller) model. In a standard servlet-JSP strategy, once the submission of the information is completed on the form the information is delivered to a servlet for processing. The other way is it could be de in the control and is passed to the next JSP (Java Server Pages – where you may write Java code in HTML).

Struts has the View, Controller, and Model (data) separated. This provides the connection between them via the struts-config.xml configuration file. It has a lot of features and is available in two versions: Struts 1 and 2. Struts 2, which effectively expands the original version with OpenSymphony web framework tools. That implies you may use new technologies to increase the functionality of your Java applications, such as new JavaScript frameworks or Java web frameworks.

2.5 Google Web toolkit [GWT]

Google Web toolkit [GWT]

As per the name of this fifth high-performance java framework , Google developed the Google Web Toolkit (GWT). Google also had its hands-on with a web development framework for Java. GWT Google web toolkit is fully featured and rich for all types of internet applications using Google APIs. What makes GWT framework stand apart from others in the list is its ability to converts Java code into Javascript code as well as enabling customization options. This feature saves a lot of time and you can easily get into final results without investing much time in testing apps.

We can create highly performing web apps in less time with this open-source collection of technologies. Because Google web toolkit is compatible with various web development frameworks, you may simply merge your existing codebase with it. The Eclipse IDE, Maven, and Junit are all compatible with it.

In this lightweight framework, there are three primary components namely the JS compiler that translates from java codes into scripts. The last component manages all the UI components, history management, and many more features.

2.6 Existing Backend Tool-JSF (JavaServer Faces)

Often with Java applications, developers face changes with backend developers to get the frontend web app development right. But this Oracle-built, robust framework is responsible for developing stunning “frontends” for Java applications.

JSF is based on the MVC software design pattern and is packed with some of the reusable components and it works on the basis of component-based MVC to develop a server-side application. The fundamental goal is to encapsulate several client-side technologies such as CSS, JavaScript, and HTML, allowing developers to design User Interfaces without having a thorough understanding of any of these technologies.  JSF is quite similar to Struts. You can simply drag and drop UI components and concentrate on the details of their presentation layer.

you can also integrate the JSF with AJAX-enabled components, this will enhance the customer experience and add Ajax events for validations. The larger portion of JSF contributes to J2E and helps you create unique and cutting-edge web applications.

2.7 Vaadin


Another essential one in the list of Java frameworks is the Vaadin Java framework. Vaadin is a lightweight Java Framework, allowing developers to build complete Java applications and desktop and mobile interfaces. This type of framework has an in-built UI component that contributes to building a new-edge web application framework. Vaadin is a JavaScript framework for cross-platform development that lets you package native mobile apps, web apps, and even desktop apps with a single codebase. Vaadin Flow handles routing and client-server communication.

Vaadin’s cross-platform portability allows users to develop frameworks for the web in a quick and hassle-free manner. It offers a platform for streamlined Java development. The web app development performed here is responsive, beautiful, and interactive. Also, with Vaadin, you have all the access to web server, java server, and inbuild Java beans to validate its features. Data visualization is another aspect of Vaadin that contributes to the success of your developer app.

2.8 Apache Hadoop

Apache Hadoop

Apache Hadoop is a software framework that uses the MapReduce programming methodology. We must know that it is not a full-stack framework. These tools can readily manage large amounts of data (Big Data), store, analyze, and process it, resulting in faster and more efficient outputs. Just because Hadoop is gaining a lot of popularity and  prominence so, that’s the reason, I have included Hadoop in this list.

Hadoop also has a distributed network for storage for data and its processing.  They use a master and slave pattern to store data in HDFS. HDFS is a Hadoop Distributed File System that overviews all the day nodes.

2.9 Micronaut


On the Java side, Micronaut is leading the serverless application. Micronaut is a contemporary, JVM-based, a full-stack framework for developing modular, readily tested microservice and serverless applications, in case you didn’t know.

Micronaut is a Polyglot framework, which means it can be used to build applications in a range of programming languages. This is one of the best advantages of the framework. Micronaut favours Java (obviously) and Kotlin, the Groovy JVM programming language, at the present.

Micronaut is not just a coding web framework but it is also a performance booster. With minimal coding efforts, you can create impressive and blazing-fast apps for all unique web services. It also resolved all complex browser-based application challenges and with its rich libraries offers faster working java web applications.

2.10 Grails


The last one in the list of Java and web development frameworks is Grails. Grails is open source, just like other Apache solutions, and it comes with a lot of features to help Java developers.  It is compatible with Java syntax and runs on the Java platform. To begin, it provides markup views from which HTML code may be generated. JSON and XML are similarly affected. Grails can constantly develop plugins for the Groove language which is helpful to enhance your own apps for free.  This framework is based on the MVC design pattern.

When we use grails, we understand that it is easy to learn a full-stack development framework that can easily help java developers to develop java programs. Using this, Java web framework, you can create apps with advanced web interfaces and are perfectly compatible with other java frameworks.

When you use grails, you will always be good with deadlines and time-related projects. Once you use Grails, you won’t find other IDEs attractive. the documentation of this software framework is very clear and deployment is easier with the given references.

3. So Which is the Best Framework for Web Application Development in Java?

top java frameworks

Undoubtedly, after seeing these ten frameworks, you must be confused with which one suits your business best. Well, it depends on the relevance of your business needs and the best-suited Java framework. Technology is moving really fast and you need to match up the pace with a rapid development framework. These frameworks are fully in charge of all activities from traditional java web development tasks to specific complex browser-based applications. The answer to this lies in the choice you make that will make your development process easier, faster, and futuristic.

Itesh Sharma

Itesh Sharma is core member of Sales Department at TatvaSoft. He has got more than 6 years of experience in handling the task related to Customer Management and Project Management. Apart from his profession he also has keen interest in sharing the insight on different methodologies of software development.


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