What is Node JS Framework?

Newer innovations in programming languages have enforced developers to focus on self-improvement and growth. By this we definitely mean that they have to upgrade them by learning a new language. But sometimes it’s challenging to cope up with changing swifts in the environment and they don’t know how to begin. Lately, we know there are a few technologies that are multipurpose and serve the needs of many. To name one, it would be Nodejs, that is a full stack development service creating an impactful change within businesses. Most of the time JavaScript developers are assumed to be Node Js developers. Well, to know if its actually true or not or what is node js framework, you must go through the blog till the end.

If you want to develop an application, you as a developer must have access to all codes, understand it well and make changes. For that, it is imperative to have knack in editing and debugging tools that can make your tasks easier. The developed code must perform the same in a cross-platform runtime environment. Another one that makes an essential contribution to this are IDEs. Many companies offer Nodejs development services to businesses to create stable and robust apps for their business. Every developer knows and must be aware of how significantly it contributes to the development process of apps. 

1. What is Node js Framework ?

Well many of you who are new to Node.Js might also have this question that whether Node JS is a Framework? Node JS is an open-source JavaScript tool built on Google Chrome’s JavaScript Engine. It’s used to create scalable network applications with an event-driven, non-blocking I/O architecture that’s quick and efficient. It enables developers to write code in a single language (JavaScript) on both the server and client sides. The node js is solely managed by NPM-Node Package manager that ensures it takes lesser development time and delivers optimal results. This runs on a V8 JavaScript engine.

Everyone might know that nodejs works on single-threaded concept where the input and outpur have same path.The ClassLoader loads all of the files required to run an application.The Java Class Library is a collection (or library) of reusable pre written code that may be used to create programmes, whereas the Java Virtual Machine allows a computer to run Java programmes. Nodejs being one of the most preferrable choice of scripting language helps you with all types of basic understanding of codes, client side scripts, event loop and other specific coding tasks.

2. Types of Node JS Framework

JavaScript could only be run in the browser prior to Node. When Ryan Dahl proposed the idea of executing JavaScript outside of the browser in 2009, it became a reality. So he embedded Chrome’s v8 engine, the fastest JavaScript engine available, inside a C++ program and named it Node. Every browser has its own JavaScript engine, which translates JavaScript into machine-readable code. Nodejs runs on JavaScript runtime environment. This helps to understand why JavaScript code in different browsers behaves differently.

Every web-app technology has a variety of frameworks to choose from. Nodejs and its frameworks are designed to support a certain use case during the development process.

  • MVC
  • Full-Stack MVC

2.1 MVC Frameworks

The acronym of MVC is Model , View Controller. It is a type of framework which contains library functions that can be included in Javascript. This provides developers a variety of options to focus on their core layer. MVC allows you to create a code-base structure and eliminate the complications in the layer. 

MVC Framework for Node.js

These Node.js frameworks offer a useful design pattern that divides application logic into three components: models, views, and controllers.With an MVC framework, maintaining and scaling the app is a breeze. This is due to MVC’s ability to divide development issues.

Express.js is a popular MVC framework for Node.js.

Node.js full-stack MVC Framework

Full-Stack MVC frameworks are an excellent alternative for developing real-time apps. These frameworks include extensive scaffolding, libraries, and template engines, as well as a variety of other features. Not only that, but they can also handle both frontend and backend application development.

A RESTful API (Representational State Transfer) Framework

The top Node.js frameworks help developers construct apps faster by providing a ready-to-use and well-known REST API built experience, which means you don’t have to worry about network application architectural styles. Almost all of these frameworks have a ready-to-use programming interface, which can help you save time while developing.

2.2 REST API (Representational state transfer)/ REST API frameworks

The Node.js framework has a forte in building apps that run faster with the use of  ready-to-use and well-known REST API. This clearly implies that you won’t have to bother about network application architectural styles.

A RESTful API, also known as a RESTful web service or REST API, is based on representational state transfer (REST), a communication architecture style and approach popular in web service development. In general, REST technology is favoured above other related technologies. This is due to the fact that REST consumes less bandwidth, making it more ideal for internet efficiency. Programming languages like JavaScript can also be used to create RESTful APIs.

3. Node JS Frameworks Advantages for Web Applications

Node Js framework is an open-source software development framework that makes the process of development easier and effortless. Ofcourse, there are a plethora of reasons why developers consider NodeJs framework for their web apps. The technical reasons can be more specific but these reasons can help any layman distinguish and make a difference

  • NodeJS is scalable and simple to use.
  • The learning curve is short but the benefits are huge
  • Fullstack JavaScript has a large and active community.
  • A single codebase can improve overall site performance.

In the upcoming segment we will explore all the top NodeJS frameworks that you must consider in your process of development which will make your app improved, enhanced and high-performing. Developers must make advantage of effective debugging and editing tools.

Tools that will assist them in writing efficient code quickly and accurately. This is where integrated development environments (IDEs) come into play. There are many IDEs on the market today, some of which are designed for a specific programming language and others which support multiple languages.

4. Top Node JS Frameworks

Top Node JS Frameworks

4.1 Express JS

One of the most popular one and obvious choices in this list would be Express.js. When asked to make a list, this one tops the list of one of the finest Node.js frameworks. Developers are sure and immediately recommend Express for this process of software framework. It enables the developers in writing code with more flexibility and freedom and nmodify the application’s look and feel, making it one of the innovative Node.js frameworks. For single-page web applications, websites, or public HTTP APIs, Express.js is an excellent solution. Express.js can be used for all types of applications which include Single Page Applications,Multi-Page Applications,Hybrid Applications.

Advantages of using Express JS

  • For developers who is already familiar with Node.js, it provides seamless data integration and a simple learning curve.
  • Provides a comprehensive, scalable, and fully customizable URL-based routing method that uses HTTP in Microsoft windows devices.
  • Supports a variety of plugins and extensions in distributed devices.
  • MVCs create centred applications, and supports 14+ template engines.

4.2 Meteor JS

It’s a framework for combining Node.js with any frontend framework, including Angular, React, and even Blaze, the Meteor front-end framework. The default database used in this one for connection is MongoDB. Meteor.js is a full-stack framework for Node.js that allows developers to create real-time online and mobile apps. To ensure perfect operations, it leverages a single API for both the front-end and back-end development processes.

If we were to compare Express.js with Meteor.js, it is regarded as one of the top Node.js frameworks because it provides a robust web application development process.

Advantages of using Meteor JS

  • Meteor JS employs the same code support for different devices and it also improves the software development company’s efficiency.
  • Performance is at its peak when it comes to Metor JS.
  • Reduces the need for coding in online and mobile applications.

Some of the Notable features of Meteor JS are

  • It’s an excellent platform for constructing because it doesn’t require separate code because everything is part of a single code base that communicates smoothly.
  • It’s simple to integrate with different programming languages like Angular, React, Vue, and others.
  • Zero configuration build tools provide code splitting and dynamic imports.
  • Meteor methods for defining server-side functionality on the server and then calling the methods directly from the client-side without having to engage with a secret API.

4.3 Hapi JS

Hapi is an open-source framework that is based on a commercial server for developing web applications.It provides excellent development support for a large team, particularly one that manages numerous tasks at the same time.Hapi also has a robust set of security features for web development.

As a result, many developers use this framework to create proxy servers, REST APIs, and desktop apps. Unlike other languages, you can use it for specific tasks.

It is an open-source finest node JS framework for constructing JSON APIs that is both powerful and robust. The well-developed plugin architecture and several critical features like as input validation, implement caching, configuration-based functionality, error handling, logging, and more make the Hapi one of the most favoured frameworks.

Benefits of Using Hapi JS

  • Provides an excellent platform for large and distributed teams.
  • Significant support for reusable components as well as incredible plugins.
  • It has no external dependencies and is utmost secure
  • A large number of built-in plugins are available.
  • Contains integrated architecture and the node js APIs are also authentic.

4.4 Koa JS

Koa, a cross-platform server-side runtime environment application developed and maintained by the creators of the widely used Node.js framework — Express.js, is an object containing an array of middleware functions that are composed and executed in a stacked manner upon request, making it easier for web developers to build fast and scalable network applications with JavaScript. It increases interoperability and robustness while also making middleware development more pleasurable.

At this time, many web developers utilise Node.js to write both the frontend and backend of a web application in JavaScript.

Web developers can speed up the creation of custom web applications and application programming interfaces.

Benefits of Using Koa JS

  • Allows for a lot of app customisation.
  • ES6 Generator is included, which helps developers to avoid using callbacks.
  • It has a lightweight framework that helps the app run faster.
  • It simplifies the development of complicated web applications by providing a modular architecture.

4.5 Total JS

This one is the newest in the list and just three years old. But within this short span, Total JS has made its way to this list of top Nodejs frameworks.Node.js framework that supports the MVC architecture and is modular and modern.This framework is fully compatible with client-side frameworks such as Angular.js, Polymer, Backbone.js, and Bootstrap.This framework is asynchronous and extensible, with excellent performance and stability.It is not necessary to use any tools, such as Grunt, to compress it. It also supports the array and other prototypes and has NoSql embedded in it.

You can see this framework is available for different versions like CMS, Helpdesk and eShop. Also, this framework supports all new-edge technologies like IOT, Rest service and high-performing applications. This framework comes with reasonable cost and high maintenance service.

Some of the Key features are

  • Support and bug fixes in a timely manner
  • RESTful routing, video streaming, and themes are all supported.
  • Supports Sitemaps and WebSockets
  • It supports almost all types of Localization and CSV exports

4.6 Sails JS

Sails.js is yet another Node.js MVC framework that adheres to the “convention over configuration” approach. It’s based on Express and uses the same MVC architecture as Ruby on Rails. It differs from Ruby on Rails in that it supports a more current, data-driven approach to API and web app development.It was inspired by the Ruby on Rails web framework, which uses the MVC paradigm to create single-page apps, REST APIs, and real-time programmes.

Code generators are widely used, allowing developers to create applications with minimal coding.The framework is based on Socket.io, a JavaScript library for providing real-time, bidirectional, event-driven communication to applications, and Express.js, a popular Node.js library.

Benefits of using Sails JS

  • There are auto-generated REST APIs which makes it easy and the process smarter
  • The integration with WebSocket is simple so you don’t have to spend time in integration.
  • Any popular frontend – Angular, Android, React, iOS, Windows, or any bespoke hardware — is supported.
  • It also supports real-time functionality.

4.7 Nest JS

Nest JS is a Node.js framework that helps developers build modular, highly scalable, and maintainable server-side web applications. Nest.js is a server-side app framework that helps developers be more productive. Developers use the Node.js framework to better organize and structure their code. It is extensible and implements the MVC (Model-View-Controller) pattern. Nest JS’s native support for TypeScript is a standout feature, allowing you to take use of optional static type-checking, robust tools for huge apps, and the most up-to-date ECMA Script capabilities.

Nest.js’s Key Features

  • It’s simple to extend, and it can work with different libraries.
  • Allows programmers to use Pure JavaScript to write complete programmes.
  • Object-Oriented Programming, Functional Programming, and Functional Reactive Programming are all combined in this language.
  • The framework’s API is exposed, allowing developers to leverage the many third-party modules that each platform has to offer.
  • It comes with comprehensive and up-to-date documentation.

5. The Bottom Line

In this entire blog, we saw different types of Nodejs framework and their benefits. We also tried to bring out the types of MVC architecture and its framework types. We tried to bring a deep retrospection on how the node JS framework was developed and how it has advanced. There are evolving technologies making this framework better and better day by day. And we can claim without a doubt that almost 50% of businesses around the globe use NodeJS to create websites or web based applications. If this doesn’t convince you to get NodeJS for you then what else can?

Itesh Sharma

Itesh Sharma is core member of Sales Department at TatvaSoft. He has got more than 6 years of experience in handling the task related to Customer Management and Project Management. Apart from his profession he also has keen interest in sharing the insight on different methodologies of software development.


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