Advantages of Node js in Backend Development

Node.js is a server platform built on Chrome’s JavaScript engine. It is an open-source platform used for developing various networking applications. It is a JavaScript runtime environment that offers utility libraries that can be used during execution. The features and advantages of Node js makes the development process easy and simple. As it is a free web development platform, it is used by thousands of web developers around the world.

This programming language offers a vast library of JavaScript in module form, which makes the development process easy and simple. Node modules are perfect for data-intensive real-time applications for building highly scalable server-side web application development using JavaScript that runs across distributed devices. 

Table of Content

  1. Top 5 Technologies Used for backend development
  2. Why is Node JS Good For Backend Web App Development?
  3. Advantages of Using Node.js Backend Web Development
  4. When Not to Use Node.js For Backend Development?
  5. Conclusion

Node.Js is written purely in JavaScript format & runs on various platforms such as Linux, Microsoft Windows, and even on OS X., There are three basic fundamental aspects behind choosing a technology stack for your software product. First, your business objectives, goals, and priorities. Second, a specific business domain. And lastly, the specifics of the stack itself. All these aspects must be properly taken into consideration without contradicting each other. 

It offers many advantages, which makes it a perfect choice for both enterprise and B2C applications. But searching for a suitable web development company that offers out-of-the-box Node js development services is a challenging task. But the question is, why node.js is best for backend web development, advantages of Node.js development, and much more. In this article. We’re going to answer all these questions, so let’s get started!

1. Top 5 Technologies Used For Backend Development

It is important to move wisely and consider all the available options for backend development. Here are the top 6 technologies to take into consideration to base your project on.

1.1 PHP

PHP is a Hypertext Preprocessor that is mostly used for mid-sized projects and runs faster compared to ASP. It is a flexible server-side scripting language with huge community support and best for backend development. PHP is a server-side programming language that offers a variety of features and benefits that can interact with different database languages including MySQL. It is based on scripts and follows event-driven architecture, that is why real-time functionalities are not its forte.

It is a perfect online documentation with a good framework of functions in place which makes PHP easy to learn and well supported online. There are various forums and tutorials on PHP methods, so it becomes easy to find help if you need it.

1.2 Java(Runtime Environment)

Java is one of the most popular backend programming languages that can run on various types of the computer having Java Runtime Environment. Installed. Some types of computers are compatible with a JRE including PCs running on Linux computers, Windows, Macintosh computers, and large mainframe computers, as well as smartphones.

Java programming language is still a relevant platform that shows no sign of declining in popularity and it is worth learning. Most web developers and programmers pick Java as their first language for software development because its’ reasonably easy to learn and reliable.

1.3 Python

Python is a perfect platform for backend development with simple syntax and shortcode length. It is an extremely versatile and platform-independent programming language that helps to create customized software used on a wide variety of operating systems without an interpreter.

Developers can invest a lot of time they usually devote to getting to run the code or figuring out how it works tackling the meaningful challenges of their particular development project.

1.4 Ruby on Rails

Ruby is a backend development platform developed in the mid-1990s in Japan. It was designed by keeping humans and their productivity in mind. It keeps the code as comprehensive as possible and takes object-oriented programming to another level using first-class objects. OOP focuses on objects and data, instead of focusing on specific logic behind them. All these objects deal as units within a program and interact with each other.

1.5 Node js

Node.js is a JavaScript platform that develops server-side applications by following the single-threaded model with event looping and is mainly inspired by JavaScript with a callback function mechanism. Thanks to Node js and the advantages of Node js for the most powerful JavaScript runtime environment that allows you to access the file system, and other development things in the browser.

Node.js has no learning curve and it is relatively simple and easy to learn with little knowledge of JavaScript and Object-Oriented programming.

Node.js is cross-platform, highly extensible, and there are numerous attributes of Node.js Which means you can customize and further extend Node.js as per your project requirements. It also makes use of JSON and provides the scope of exchange of data to facilitate built-in APIs for creating HTTP request, DNS, and TCP, etc. traditional servers.

2. Why is Node JS Good For Backend?

Node js has the ability to simultaneously handle multiple requests providing prompt response time which makes it an ideal and perfect solution for client-side web app development. You can use Node.js as your server technology and boost your development team from using the same language on both the front end and back end. We can use JavaScript runtime environment more frequently on single-page applications than any other backend technology. This means that your development team is more efficient and cross-functional which leads to lower development costs.

You can also reuse your code between the frontend and backend parts and speed up the development process as well as time to market. This is the main reason why developers pick Node.js for web app development. The Node.js web community is rapidly growing, so the knowledge base for the technology is widely available.

The Node.js tech stack is an open-source and free web development platform that offers great package management solutions and tools in npm’s registry is growing fast.

Node.js offers easy scalability which is a perfect choice for modern applications that have to process a large amount of data requiring low latency. Such systems are known as real-time applications built using Node.js. It is a runtime environment that allows web app and software developers to launch the backend of web apps using JavaScript.

To choose the right technology stack for your next project, make sure to consider these benefits of node js.

Are you curious to know more about Node js pros and cons? If so, then read further and expand your knowledge.

3. Advantages of Using Node JS Backend Development

As we all know, Node.js is continuously growing and gaining massive popularity for web app development, but now its capabilities have grown even more because it offers a variety of benefits for backend development. It is a great platform for real-time application development and managing huge amounts of information. 

Let’s discuss the advantages of Node.js in detail:

3.1 Scalable Web App Development

Node.js was built with scalability in mind. It allows multiple nodes to run simultaneously and interact with each other which is superior to other web backend development solutions. It has a cluster module that is responsible for load balancing for every running single CPU-intensive core. This is one of the main benefits of Node.js. You can run more than one node at a time and the environment will automatically balance the workload.

Node.js allows horizontal partitioning and divides your app into small instances. You can show various versions of the app to users based on their interests, age, location, language, etc. this reduces workload and increases personalization. Node.js child processes operate quickly and interact with each other to share the same origin. 

3.2 High Performance

Node.js is popular for providing excellent performance and facing considerable amounts of data to process at the same time. It is a perfect choice for backend development that interprets the JavaScript code using Google’s V8 JavaScript engine. Node.js web app development engine helps to compile the code into machine code directly, making it easier and faster to implement code. 

The backend Node.js technology accelerated code execution and its runtime environment supported non-blocking I/O operations. As a single-threaded event loop, it uses multiple worker threads in the background to execute the asynchronous programming code and nonblocking which means the callback function is delegated to the event loop but executed by different threads.

3.3 Powerful Data Processing

Node.js is a backend development language and runtime environment capable of processing thousands of request handling simultaneously. It is a perfect choice for efficient data-handling tools. Many backend development platforms use synchronous processing for handling requests where they each wait to process one by one. It refuses the traditional system and adopts an asynchronous structure for upcoming requests to process together with the first one. 

There are two approaches for software development: linear and event-based programming. A linear tool helps to execute algorithms in a queue regardless of users’ actions. Event-based programming doesn’t have a specific output order and there are useful background operations.

3.4 Control Flow Features

Node.js is a popular backend development platform because developers see asynchronous nature as both pros and cons of Node.js web app development. Whenever a function executes, the code sends a callback automatically. As the number of functions is increasing, so does the number of callbacks which is known as callback hell.

The control flow features of Node.js offer a way out. Using a web app framework can help you to map functions and sort through callbacks. It integrates similar functions automatically and finds necessary features by search or in a folder. 

3.5 V8 Engine

As we all know, V8 engines are the best engines out there which were initially developed for Chrome. But the Node.js development team readapted it to the environment’s purposes. It is written in C++ to compile functions written in JavaScript into machine code for impressive speed and performance. Thanks to Google for investing much time and effort in its engine, V8 demonstrates performance enhancements every year and extracts the whole bag of benefits out of it.

Node.js is the fastest cross-platform scripting languages and event-driven models which provides excellent app performance; it is not a myth. The V8 engine used in implementing Node.js was originally developed for the Chrome browser. As we all know, Node.js is a browser JavaScript runtime built on Chrome’s V8 JavaScript engine which uses a callback function to handle HTTP requests, with a non-blocking I/O model to achieve efficiency while remaining lightweight.

4. When Not to Use Node JS For Backend Development?

4.1 CPU-Heavy Applications

While developing an app, the first and foremost thing that comes to mind is heavy-computing apps. Node.js is based on an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model and for the sake of simplicity, it runs the code on a single thread. CPU-heavy tasks will block incoming requests and render big Node.js advantages useless. 

JavaScript runtime environment helps to manage multiple connections simultaneously, we see a new image when it comes to big requests. The event loop integrated within the connections does not distribute CPU effectively for big requests, causing speed drops.

4.2 Frontend Development

Node.js is an open source development platform and it is not a popular choice for frontend development. It allows JavaScript to run where it is not normally available, but almost every web browser has its own built-in JavaScript engines to execute the code.

Still, software engineers and web developers that prefer to write NJS code can adapt it to browser frontends with tools like WebPack and Browserify to build the frontend of desktop or mobile apps.

4.3 CRUD Applications

Using Node.js for CRUD applications is not a great choice because it doesn’t require a separate API and all the information comes directly from the server. CRUD applications are popular to perform 4 basic SQL operations like create, read, update, and delete. 

Your application can be more scalable, but don’t expect heavy traffic coming to your app just because you used Node.js. In such cases, you can use the Ruby framework as it works fine with CRUD operations.

5. Conclusion

You can use Node js in eCommerce applications, without creating a new thread for every request and giving enhanced performance. It is a perfect choice for data-intensive and real-time applications that run across various devices. Node.js makes apps very efficient because it uses V8 engine and servers multiple users and devices. The V8 engine takes the JavaScript code to a lower level and it is not mandatory to interpret first in order to be run. 

Node.js is an open source platform and follows an event based model for application development which can be also used for full stack development. There are various popular programming platforms available, but Node.js is fast and scalable for creating real time web applications with an active community of Node.js developers and talent pool. So, if you’re considering using Node.js for web applications, the above-mentioned performance advantages and details about Node.js should have given you more confidence that you’re on the right track.

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Itesh Sharma

Itesh Sharma is core member of Sales Department at TatvaSoft. He has got more than 6 years of experience in handling the task related to Customer Management and Project Management. Apart from his profession he also has keen interest in sharing the insight on different methodologies of software development.

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