DevOps Automation: Everything You Need to Know

Once upon a time, DevOps automation was considered a best practice. But not anymore. According to a report from Statista, almost 80% of respondents stated that DevOps automation is now an essential practice for their software development operations.

Developers leverage this approach to simplify DevOps complications whereas organizations seek this model to improve their productivity. Each organization adopts DevOps automation for specific reasons but everyone can benefit from its effective implementation.  

But what exactly do you mean by DevOps automation? What are its benefits? Which tools to use for it? This article gives you answers to these questions and offers insights into this disruptive approach. 

1. What is DevOps Automation?

DevOps automation means automating various DevOps processes across all stages of a software development lifecycle such as designing, development, testing, deployment, and monitoring.

DevOps Workflow

Rather than doing it all manually, a set of automation tools and technologies can perform repetitive and mundane DevOps tasks. This allows the developers to focus on core operations. As a result, the efficiency and productivity of your DevOps lifecycle significantly improve. 

In addition to enhancing the collaboration between development and operations teams, DevOps automation reduces performance bottlenecks and human errors. This helps you create a dynamic DevOps life cycle. 

2. Advantages of DevOps Automation

Below are the detailed advantages of DevOps Automation.

2.1 Efficiency and Speed

Automating DevOps greatly improves efficiency. Automating mundane and repetitive DevOps processes frees up development teams to concentrate on what matters. With the use of automation, what used to take weeks or months of labor is completed more quickly in days or even hours, allowing for quick modifications and swift delivery.

Being nimble in response to customer needs is crucial in today’s dynamic development landscape. Fortunately, automation may be a great boon in this respect. You may save time, reduce mistakes, and make sure everything works well by automating certain parts of the development process, such as deployment and testing. In the long run, this can help you gain a significant competitive edge by bringing your products to market more quickly.

2.2 Improved Recovery

Any kind of information technology failure hinders business development in this digital era. Customers are likely to encounter significant difficulties if the system goes down during busy hours.

According to the Puppet report, DevOps lowers failure rates and increases recovery speeds significantly, by around 24 times. Because DevOps encourages incremental improvements, which can be detected and fixed quickly, this is feasible.

2.3 Increased Scope of Value Delivery

A continuous delivery environment is created through the use of DevOps. Because of this, advantageous conditions are established, with an ongoing emphasis on new improvements and enhanced value generation through digital transformation.

2.4 Reduced Risk

There are dangers associated with digital transformations. Updating the current systems causes issues including compromised security and modifications that are more prone to errors. These dangers are mitigated by DevOps since it incorporates security into the software delivery lifecycle. Fixing security flaws can save time.

2.5 Lean and Flexible

DevOps is a framework that helps with digital transformation methods like Lean and Flexible. Breaking down large tasks into manageable chunks improves oversight and control. Data collecting and responsiveness are both enhanced by implementing DevOps principles.

3. Top DevOps Processes To Automate

Although it depends on your project goals and requirements, it is beneficial to automate certain DevOps processes no matter what infrastructure you are using. The list of those processes is given below: 

3.1 Continuous Integration (CI) and Continuous Delivery/Deployment (CD)

DevOps teams utilize CI/CD pipelines as part of their agile best practices. They are used to update code changes into a central repository and then deploy them across various environments. 

Automating CI/CD processes will ensure the production of secure and high-quality code that meets your expectations. It automates the deployment process, aiming to keep the code in a deployable state. 

3.2 Testing

Test automation aims to reduce human intervention during testing and increase its efficiency. It allows you to automate various types of Software tests including unit testing, end-to-end testing, performance testing, and integration testing. This approach also easily detects errors and bugs in a CI/CD pipeline. This helps in verifying whether the software functionalities will work up to expectations in real-world scenarios and release quality updates.

3.3 Application Monitoring

Tracking app performance becomes difficult when new functionalities are added frequently and the app becomes large and complex. But with automated app monitoring, you can keep an eye on every activity happening in your application. 

This can provide insights into app performance issues. In cases of functionality failure, the automated monitoring tools quickly alert the DevOps teams to take swift action. It helps provide uninterrupted services and an enhanced user experience. 

3.4 Network Provisioning

Get on-demand computing capacity without any human intervention through automated provisioning. Although it uses predefined procedures, automated network provisioning offers a flexible and highly scalable infrastructure with dynamic resource allocation. It helps deliver applications quickly. 

3.5 Infrastructure Management

Infrastructure encompasses software, hardware, databases, networks, and operating systems. Humans are prone to make errors when controlling and handling these elements of infrastructure. However, automating the infrastructure management reduces the need for human input. Automating infrastructure management increases the overall efficiency of all the elements involved in developing and deploying IT solutions.

3.6 Configuration Management

The setup, maintenance, and updating of system configurations can be automated using tools such as Chef, Puppet, and Ansible. This ensures that the system is configured according to the predefined policies, and standards. Automated configuration management allows you to keep your system configurations consistent across various environments and servers. 

3.7 Log Management

The software system and its infrastructure generate various kinds of logs. Handling them includes processes such as analyzing, collecting, storing, archiving, searching, parsing, aggregating, and deleting logs. You can automate all of these processes with automated log management. Automated log management adheres to the compliance and security measures of your code while aiming to gain deep business insights from those logs. 

3.8 Remediation

A monitoring tool constantly tracks the app’s activities for potential issues. In case any issue arises, the tool will alert the team. It may take some time for the team to acknowledge and address the issue. 

But what if you have a system in place that can automatically address the issue as soon as it is detected? That’s what automated remediation is all about. Whether it’s scaling resources on demand or restarting failed services, automated remediation has you covered. 

3.9 Infrastructure as Code (IaC)

Leveraging code and automation tools for handling and provisioning infrastructure is called automated IaC. It helps reduce discrepancies between various environments such as production,  and testing environments. It also allows you to maintain consistent environment setups.

4. How to Get Started with DevOps Automation?

Before you get started with DevOps Automation, you have to identify your requirements and plan it all accordingly. This helps you devise performant and efficient DevOps Automation processes. Here are a few tips for doing so.

4.1 Select Suitable Tools 

To make your DevOps automation successful, you must consider the processes you need to automate. This helps you select the appropriate automation tools for the task. It is important to note that some DevOps automation tools provide great integration capabilities. These tools allow you to use multiple technologies to meet various requirements. Therefore, having clarity on your requirements is a must. 

4.2 Utilize Dynamic Variables

If you want to use DevOps automation across multiple environments without having to change its code repeatedly, then you need to use the scripts and tools that come with externally defined variables. Moreover, leveraging reusable code will reduce the amount of reworks and duplications required in the long run. 

4.3 Consider Headless CMS 

Headless CMSs are designed to support modularity and automation whereas the traditional CMSs don’t support DevOps practices. So, you are better off with a headless CMS supporting your software development and DevOps automation.

4.4 Consider MACH Architecture

You can leverage the MACH to improve, scale, or update various services independently thanks to its microservices architecture. The modular software development approach in MACH is suitable for supporting a continuous delivery pipeline. 

4.5 Create an Automated Continuous Delivery Pipeline 

After getting the necessary CI/CD tools, you can begin building an automated CDP. You can do it by writing automation scripts, configuring your devices, and setting up the required infrastructure. Your software products can go from the ideation phase to the deployment phase very quickly with an automated CDP in place. This automation facilitates the delivery of small code releases to keep up with the changing market trends. 

4.6 Test to Deploy

Now that you have automated a DevOps process, you have to test it thoroughly before deployment. Once all functionalities have been confirmed to meet expectations, you are free to deploy the automated DevOps process to production. 

4.7 Monitoring and Optimization 

Monitoring the performance of your DevOps automation is crucial to ensure that it is working accurately and efficiently. Monitoring allows you to address any problems that may arise quickly. Moreover, it enables you to make modifications to optimize the DevOps performance when required. 

5. DevOps Automation Tools

To automate, speed up, and streamline the development process, technologies are crucial in the ever-changing DevOps world. In the modern day, there is a plethora of DevOps technologies available, each with its own set of advantages. Let’s explore the leading DevOps automation technologies that are transforming software delivery and teamwork.

5.1 Jenkins


When people think of continuous integration and continuous delivery (CI/CD), they usually picture Jenkins. This open-source tool allows the automation of repetitive tasks using multiple programming languages, development tools, and code repositories due to its large plugin ecosystem. Additionally, Jenkins leverages the scripting process to customize and integrate the entire DevOps chain to make it more powerful. 

5.2 Docker


Docker is one of the most important DevOps automation technologies that revolutionized application development, shipping, and running through containerization. It enables rapid deployment of development environments to create new images or update existing ones to meet specific requirements. 

This has become possible because the Docker-Puppet integration involves utilizing over seven million lines of Puppet code. By encapsulating a program along with all of its dependencies in a “container,” Docker can be completely portable and very compatible with any setting.

5.3 Git


If your project requires sharing your app files’ master version with the distributed teams then using Git is very beneficial for you. Its distributed design ensures that all developers always have access to the most recent version of the code. In addition to that, Git also allows teams to monitor changes, work together on code, and connect to other tools in the DevOps pipeline. 

5.4 Ansible


When it comes to managing configurations, deploying applications, and automating tasks, Ansible is a strong automation tool. It is largely used for configuration modules known as ‘Playbooks’. 

Ansible uses YAML, a basic, human-readable language, which makes setup and maintenance a breeze and Playbooks are written in YAML format. So, it’s an ideal match. Ansible also offers support for cloud provisioning. 

5.5 Terraform


For effective infrastructure creation, modification, and management, teams may rely on Terraform, a tool for infrastructure as code. It leverages the ‘state files’ to maintain the infrastructure of the state. Terraform is compatible with numerous public and private cloud platforms as it offers cloud infrastructure provisioning. 

6. Best Practices

Here we will examine various DevOps best practices and methods for enhancing DevOps processes.

6.1 Build a Continuous Integration and Delivery (CI/CD) Pipeline

A strategy that facilitates effective collaboration among developers is the frequent integration of small batches of code into a common code repository. By introducing manageable modifications in modest increments, this method helps to maintain the repository consistently. With Continuous Integration (CI), automated builds and tests assess these small batches of changes every time, allowing for early issue identification and enhancing code quality.

Deploying your code to the environment is the next step following integration. As part of Continuous Delivery (CD), code is continually made deployable for each small batch of changes. This gives the developers a simple, automated way to submit code to production and streamlines our deployments.

6.2 Prioritize Security From the Beginning of the Project 

Software security shouldn’t lag behind other considerations during development. As a new paradigm, DevSecOps encourages developers to consider infrastructure and software security from the very beginning of the software development lifecycle, building security into the architecture from the ground up and integrating it into continuous integration and continuous delivery pipelines.

Security should not be seen as an afterthought, but rather as an essential component of the process, and it should be a shared responsibility across all teams and throughout the application lifetime. Due to a rise in malicious attacks over the past few years, there has been a major emphasis on safeguarding the software supply chain recently.

When it comes to infrastructure, the smallest slip-up can lead to catastrophic failures. Because of this, you need to provide an additional policy layer that lets you manage independently of your infrastructure project, the execution of code, the modification of code, the timing and identity of code modifications, and so on. In addition to preventing unauthorized access, this enables you to set up a pipeline for automatic code reviews.

6.3 Unify the DevOps Toolchain

The process of software delivery becomes more complicated due to the lack of visibility caused by pipeline variation and toolchain fragmentation. Due to the disjointed nature of the many technologies and teams involved, there is currently no centralized method for monitoring and improving the software delivery pipeline’s efficiency in real time. The inability to transfer data among tools makes it difficult to gain a holistic understanding of your organization’s performance, despite each tool providing information regarding its performance.

This can help DevOps teams monitor, assess, and optimize their software development and delivery outcomes in real time via unified visibility of the software development process.

6.4 Encourage the Culture of Collaboration 

An integral part of DevOps best practices is fostering a collaborative culture. The success of DevOps depends on the tight cooperation of many stakeholders, including development and operations teams. Open dialogue, collective accountability, and a dedication to constant development may all flourish in workplaces that prioritize teamwork. As a result, DevOps teams may enhance the dependability and quality of their goods and services while also finding and fixing problems faster. The company and its workers may both reap the rewards of a more upbeat and fruitful workplace fostered by a culture of collaboration.

6.5 Use Microservices Architecture

Organizations may enhance the adaptability, versatility, and flexibility of their systems by employing a microservices architecture. Application development, testing, and deployment are all managed separately in a microservices architecture since each service is broken down into smaller components. This approach facilitates the rapid rollout of new features and functionalities while also easing the burden of system scaling and maintenance on enterprises. Also, because problems in one service may be fixed independently of the others, microservices can enhance the resilience and reliability of systems.

7. Conclusion

DevOps Automation is the key to efficient production and deployment of high-quality code. Automating various DevOps processes reduces manual intervention which eliminates the chances of human errors. You can leverage the right automation tools and best practices to accomplish your DevOps goals quickly when you have clarity on your requirements.

People Also Ask

1. What is DevOps Toolchain?

The DevOps toolchain consists of software and hardware components that facilitate cross-functional collaboration between development and operations teams over the product lifecycle. Collaboration, continuous integration, automation, and continuous delivery are key components of DevOps that these technologies support.

2. What automation tools are Majorly used for DevOps?

A wide variety of tools are utilized in DevOps automation to accomplish diverse tasks. Some of the best tools are Jenkins for CI, Docker for containerization, Kubernetes for orchestration of containers, Ansible for configuration management, Git for source code management, and many more including Chef, Terraform, Bamboo, Nagios, and Puppet.

3. Is Security a Concern in DevOps automation?

When it comes to DevOps automation, security is paramount. At every stage of the development lifecycle, it is critical to ensure safe practices and incorporate security measures. DevSecOps is a method for addressing security problems, creating secure apps, and meeting customer demands for safe software development by incorporating security into the DevOps process.

4. What are the benefits of CI/CD in DevOps?

With the help of DevOps’s CI and CD, teams may expedite their development, testing, and deployment processes while maintaining consistency and efficiency. Faster time-to-market and better teamwork are the results of continuous integration and delivery (CI/CD), which allows for frequent deployment and integration of code changes, allowing for instant feedback and rapid releases.

5. How does automation fit into the future of technology?

When it comes to technological developments, DevOps automation is well on track with what’s to come. DevOps is becoming more agile, responsive, and adaptable, thanks to integrations, serverless computing, and AI-driven automation. The ongoing improvement of DevOps automation guarantees that it continues to play a pivotal role in contemporary software development approaches, promoting productivity and new ideas.

Mohit Savaliya

Mohit Savaliya is looking after operations at TatvaSoft, and because of his technical background, he also has an understanding of Microservices architecture. He promotes his technical expertise through his bylines. He collaborates with development teams and brings out the best and trending topics in Cloud and DevOps.


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