Popular Web Development Languages

From the most basic apps to the most ground-breaking inventions, technology plays a significant role in daily lives. Every piece of software or website has been created by a developer, but what exactly is web development and what do developers do? It may appear to be a challenging, perplexing, and largely inaccessible field for outsiders. Developers need good knowledge on programming languages to design and develop customized web applications

Here in this blog, we will be discussing all the aspects of how programming languages for web development can make a difference. Here is a list of programming languages for front end web development as well as backend web development. So Without much ado, let’s get started.

1. Top Programming Languages for Web Development

1.1 JavaScript


JavaScript is a top programming language that is adapted by many. Developers utilize it to provide interactive elements, automate processes on certain pages, and add animations that improve the user experience.

JavaScript is changing very quickly. Today JavaScript is the most popular web development language in use. It is now a back-end coding language thanks to Node.Js. It is the first language that browsers can comprehend, and some people have even talked about using machine learning to help with it.

In terms of web development, there are  “big three” pillars; HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Nearly every website makes use of them in some way. Although there are many others, including server-side languages like Java, C++, Python, and SQL, mastering these three is essential for web development.


  • Compact programming language
  • Adaptive Typing
  • Object-oriented programming support
  • Functional Design
  • System Independence
  • Prototype-based
  • Interpreted Language
  • Async Processing
  • Client-Side Verification
  • Better power with in browser

Further Reading on: JavaScript vs TypeScript

1.2 TypeScript


Microsoft released and supports TypeScript, an open-source, object-oriented programming language, under the Apache 2 license. Anders Hejlsberg, a pivotal figure in the C# language’s development is credited with its inception. The TypeScript programming language is a tightly typed extension of JavaScript that produces standard JavaScript upon compilation. It is a scripting language for creating large-scale applications in Java that can run on any web browser, server, or OS. The browser isn’t used to execute TypeScript code. Compilation and output in JavaScript format requires a compiler. It’s fair to say that TypeScript is the enhanced JavaScript of ES6.


  • Object-Oriented language
  • TypeScript supports JavaScript libraries
  • TypeScript is portable
  • DOM Manipulation

1.3 C#


Microsoft created C#, an up-to-date general-purpose object-oriented .Net programming language. To facilitate the usage of many different high-level languages across a wide range of computer systems and architectures, C# is optimized for Common Language Infrastructure (CLI), which includes both the executable code and runtime environment necessary for doing so.


  • Easy to master
  • Advanced programming language
  • Object oriented programming support
  • Greater Security
  • Integration support
  • Modular and Refreshable
  • Component oriented language
  • Structured programming language
  • Rich Collection
  • Swift performance

1.4 PHP


The name PHP stands for hypertext preprocessor. Since PHP is a scripting language, any code written in it is read by the computer directly rather than being translated into machine-readable code by a compiler. PHP is a server-side scripting language best utilized for server-side functionality and, because of its deployment tools and capabilities it, Server-side language PHP makes deploying, or submitting and confirming, your code considerably simpler due to its deployment tools and capabilities. PHP is helpful in many development domains since HTML, a common front-end tool for creating online apps and pages can contain PHP code.

Another advantage of PHP is that it’s an excellent way for beginners to see results with their back-end coding because it frequently ignores minor faults that don’t have an impact on the ultimate result. PHP web development is one of those languages for web development that works for both front-end web development and backend web development.


  • Seamless to grasp
  • Swift performance
  • Interpreted language
  • Open Source to use
  • Case-Specific
  • Simplification of tools
  • Platform Independent
  • Protection for security concerns
  • Versatility for different purposes
  • Familiarity
  • Error Reporting
  • Weakly Typed Language
  • Real-Time Access Monitoring

1.5 HTML


Hypertext Markup Language, or HTML, is a programming language used to create electronic texts known as pages that are displayed on websites. Every page has multiple connections to hyperlinks or links to other pages. Every web page on the Internet has been created using HTML in some capacity. Understanding how to display texts or carry out the loading of various elements is a must for browsers.

The majority of developers consider HTML to be one of the simplest programming languages to learn and utilize. HTML is frequently taught to web developers before any other programming other languages, and it is an essential component of all development courses. It is straightforward to learn since it uses basic tags, and case insensitivity is not a problem.

HTML is an open source language free language, programmers can use it without having to invest in any additional software. Users can access major aspects of the language without using any other plugins or software. This is why a large number of companies utilize HTML to meet their website design needs. It is possible to have full websites developed in HTML


  • User-Friendliness & Simplicity
  • Logical Structure
  • Search Engine Optimization (SEO)
  • localStorage & IndexedDB — Client-side data storing
  • Offline Functionality (PWA) with Cache API and Service Workers
  • Game Development Canvas
  • Platform Independent
  • Community Support

1.6 CSS


The layout and presentation of documents to users are specified using the computer language CSS. In general, the term “document” refers to a text file format that uses a markup language, such as the popular HTML and others like XML.

CSS helps you to create a customer version of a document. This is especially important for browsers designed to graphically present documents onto screens, printers, and projectors, like Chrome, Firefox, and Edge. Vue

The usage of CSS selectors gives users the ability to choose and manage various web page elements. They can be thought of as structural elements used to match attributes and attribute values.

CSS saves time because only one CSS file needs to be created and can be applied to several HTML pages. Each HTML element has a defined style that a user can utilize to apply to other web pages as needed.

Simple upkeep: CSS code is simple to upkeep, and users can easily modify the style globally. All web pages are automatically updated after modifications are made.

Web standards are evolving; fewer and fewer people are using HTML attributes while more and more people are choosing to utilize CSS. It is advised that web developers utilize it across HTML pages to guarantee compatibility with upcoming browser updates. It supports the creation of visuals.


  • Potential in web design
  • Website Design
  • Web Administration
  • Rapid Page Load Time
  • Simple maintenance
  • Exceptional HTML Formats
  • Save Time
  • Integrations
  • Global Standards

1.7 Ruby


Ruby on Rails (RoR), a framework designed especially for Ruby, is a programming language that you can use to construct and carry out tasks with less code. Frameworks, along with the related programming languages and tools, are often used by software developers to develop any software development product, or unique functionality and module that streamline the software development process. For instance, you might utilize RoR with Ruby Programming language to develop any particular functionality for your product with just a few lines of code.

For novices, learning web development and practicing back-end development it is frequently an excellent option because the Ruby on Rails framework and RoR are so straightforward. RoR makes it simple to create tasks and functions, which streamlines the creation of software.

The majority of other programming computer languages, such as JavaScript, HTML, CSS, and SQL, don’t provide both back-end and front-end functionality. Ruby on Rails, on the other hand, combines both ends and enables programmers to create a full-fledged web application. Every feature you may possibly need for web app development is available with Ruby on Rails, and you can easily extract what you need to move forward. 


  • The MVC Architecture
  • Easy Testing Instrument
  • Automated Distribution
  • Prioritising Conversion over Configuration

1.8 Java


Java is the most preferable well-liked language for programmers who wish to create robust, large-scale online applications that need high levels of security to protect data. It’s a platform-independent flexible language that you may use to construct online, mobile, and desktop apps and tools on different platforms, such as computers and mobile devices. Java operates on the Java Virtual System (JVM), which standardizes the computer on which programmers run code instead of enabling it to operate successfully on each programming machine, which accounts for its scalability and dependability.

Because Java has so many potential implementations, many programmers utilize it for web and software development. However, this also means that there are numerous third-party companies available to assist novice programmers in learning how to implement Java code  for back-end projects. 


  • Simpler in Use
  • Cross Platforms operations
  • Multithreading approach
  • Object Oriented Programming Language
  • Platform independent feature makes Java portable
  • Capable of handling unexpected termination of a program
  • Secure Interpreted language

Further Reading On:
Java vs C#
Why do We Need Java Reactive Programming?

1.9 Python


Python is one of the most potent and effective multi-purpose languages for web development and data science analysis. It is an open-source language that is very simple to deploy as well as to learn and use. Given that scalable web pages and applications are frequently developed using it, it is regarded as one of the best programming languages to learn for web development. The design of Python’s language, which is straightforward, elegant, effective, and strong, is its unique selling point (USP). It is the benchmark for developer proficiency and has influenced several programming languages like Go.

It is among the top backend programming languages for web development and offers first-rate integration. In addition, it has the capability of seamlessly offloading to C/C++ the CPU’s taxing jobs. There are many available frameworks in Python and extensive toolkits for computational science, statistics, and mathematics. The desktop, web, and web apps based on GUI, data science, machine learning, and network servers all created using the Python programming language. 


  • Simple to understand and use
  • Intuitive Language
  • Interpreted Language
  • Cross-platform Language
  • Free and open source
  • Object-Oriented Programming Language
  • Dynamically typed
  • Great Standard Library
  • GUI Programming Assistance
  • Assimilated
  • Embeddable
  • Dynamic Memory Assignment

1.10 SQL


The standard database language known as SQL, or Structured Query Language, is used in conjunction with other programming languages. It is used to manipulate databases as a query language for databases. With more than 50% of developers using SQL for programming, it ranks third on Stack Overflow’s list of the most popular programming languages.

A form of a computer language called SQL, or structured query language, employs queries, also referred to as data requests, to get data from databases. SQL can be used to retrieve valuable server-side information from databases and use that information to perform activities that guarantee the client-side functionality of the software. 

Back-end developers usually use SQL to perform additional administrative tasks that help in the operation of a piece of software rather than creating the framework for its features. Because many databases use it to interact with data, it would be a good idea for you to learn this language if you want to understand how data is retrieved, updated and stored.


  • SQL offers users flexibility and scalability for relational database management systems
  • Comprehensive and effective application development tool
  • Rich Transactional Support
  • High Performance
  • SQL is compatible with other databases such as Microsoft SQL Servers
  • High Security
  • SQL’s Management Ease
  • Open Source

1.11 Swift


In order to create apps for iOS, macOS, tvOS, and watchOS, developers may take use of Swift, an open-source, multi-paradigm programming language. Apple developed the language in 2014 so that programmers would have a robust tool with which to construct iOS applications. Safe, quick, and expressive are only some of the reasons why this language was created, as stated on swift.org. It is meant to take the place of C-like languages. Likewise, the Swift community is expanding and improving all the time. The Swift programming language’s source code is publicly available on GitHub.


  • Strong generics
  • Native error handling
  • Structures and types
  • Protocol extensions
  • Memory security
  • Memory administration
  • Versatile enumerations
  • Package manager
  • Debugging
  • Source and binary compatibility
  • Tuples
  • Closure syntax

1.12 Go


Rob Pike, Robert Griesemer, and Ken Thompson created the free and open-source programming language Go. Go is dynamically typed and is built. With the advent of clusters of servers, multicore processors, and large codebases, this language was released to the public in 2009 with the goal of increasing developers’ efficiency.


  • Open-Source
  • Manual Typing
  • Concurrency Assistance
  • Strong Standard Library and Application Set
  • Testing Capacity
  • Trash Collection

1.13 Scala


Unlike some other languages, Scala may be used for a wide variety of tasks. Martin Odersky conceived of and worked on the project to completion. In 2001, Martin began developing Scala as a student at the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL). On January 20, 2004, we saw its formal release.

While Scala is not an extension of Java, it is compatible with it in every way. Composition of a Scala file results in Java bytecode, which may then be executed on a Java Virtual Machine.

Scala is an object-oriented language with a functional backbone. Every result is an object in this language, and every operation is a value, making it a true object-oriented language. The term “scala” comes from the word “scalable,” which describes the language’s ability to expand in response to user demand.


  • Type inference
  • Security and privacy
  • Slow calculation
  • Case classes and Pattern matching
  • Concurrency control
  • Singleton object
  • String interpolation
  • Higher-level operation
  • Traits
  • Rich assortment set

1.14 Perl


The initial purpose of the computer language Perl was to facilitate the manipulation of scripts. Nowadays, however, Perl is employed for a wide range of tasks, from web and GUI development to system management and beyond. It’s a reliable language that works on a variety of different computer systems.

Web development with Perl CGI. The common gateway interface (CGI) is the interface between a web browser and Perl.

Common applications include generating reports for file conversions that need information to be extracted from text files, as well as performing such extractions. It was originally called “Practical Extraction and Report Language,” which explains how the name stuck.

A Perl script is a computer program in Perl, whilst a Perl program is a system program used to execute a Perl script.

The language Perl is based on is called an interpreted one. A Perl program is executed by first compiling it into a byte code, and then converting that byte code into machine commands. Time can be saved by using Perl instead of C.

It’s included in the Oxford English Dictionary and works with a wide variety of OSes. It borrows ideas and syntax from a wide variety of languages, including English, awk, bourne shell, C, sed, and more.


  • Perl provides a straightforward syntax for object-oriented programming.
  • It is extensible with 250,000 open source modules.
  • Perl supports the Unicode character set.
  • It contains sophisticated capabilities for transforming text into markup languages such as HTML and XML.
  • It supports external databases such as Oracle, MySQL, and many others.
  • Perl may be embedded into other systems, including web servers and database servers.
  • It is open source software licensed under the GNU Public License.
  • Perl is used to develop several frameworks.
  • It is capable of handling encrypted online data, such as e-commerce transactions.
  • Perl is a platform-independent language.
  • It provides a regular expression engine that can alter any text type.

1.15 Rust


Graydon Hoare, a Mozilla employee, created Rust, a system programming language, in 2006. In his words, this language is “safe, asynchronous, and practical,” and it adheres to the utilitarian and declarative paradigm. Rust is a programming language with syntax that is reminiscent to C++.

Because its source code is publicly available online, anybody may use Rust, and its community can collaborate to enhance its features and functionality.

In 2016, 2017, and 2018, the stack overflow developer survey named Rust a “most favored programming language.”


  • Zero cost abstractions
  • Error code
  • Move semantics
  • Threads with no data conflicts
  • Similarity matching
  • Assurance of memory security
  • Effective C bonding
  • Secure memory allocation
  • Minimal time

2. Conclusion 

In a nutshell, we can say there are many front-end and back-end developments, and choosing the best web development languages is not an easy task. There are front-end languages, full stack development languages, server-side scripting languages, object-oriented languages and many other general purpose languages too. These languages are flexible with desktop, web as well as mobile apps. Companies hire well educated and skilled workforce who have an understanding of popular web development languages. These are ways to create faster, more efficient, and high performing web applications.

Itesh Sharma

Itesh Sharma is core member of Sales Department at TatvaSoft. He has got more than 6 years of experience in handling the task related to Customer Management and Project Management. Apart from his profession he also has keen interest in sharing the insight on different methodologies of software development.


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